GUSTAVE LANSON PDF

Webb, the chairman of the Department of Romance Languages, sought after large libraries to purchase. From the start, Lanson seemed particularly interested in selling his books to an American university, and more specifically, to one of the prestigious universities on the East Coast of the United States where he had been invited many times. Harvard, Columbia and Princeton Universities were all possibilities. Yet these institutions already had considerable collections of French books, and none of them wanted to buy the ensemble that also included books which they already owned. Lanson insisted that the library be bought in its entirety and bear his name.

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External links 5 Biography Lanson was a major figure in the reformation of the French university system at the beginning of the 20th century, as well as a dominant force in French literary criticism until well after his death. He is known primarily for his writings on literary history , particularly his attempts to fuse the studies of literature and of culture ; in the former area he expanded upon, and in part questioned, the idea of "race, milieu, and moment" as described by Hippolyte Taine.

He also contributed a great deal to the study of pedagogy , arguing for the pedagogical importance of the explication de texte, the French predecessor of close reading. For Lanson a text was neither a mere product of collective social forces nor an autonomous work by an autonomous genius, but something in between.

The text was a composite work on which society exerted powerful and unseen forces but that could still escape those forces in order to present something outside of them: perhaps a hope or fantasy of something better.

During this period he travelled extensively in the United States , visiting a number of college campuses, and later wrote about his experiences. Lanson was struck by the importance of religion on American campuses, though he also commented that the unity inspired by shared religion was fading in favor of shared interest in collegiate sports, particularly American football.

In , he became director of the media prank by Sartre and his comrades. In the era of the New Criticism , with its interest in the exploration of metaphor and image and the distancing of a text from the circumstances that created it, Lanson was seen as a pedant obsessed with historical and biological trivia and a rigid and unliterary philology.

In recent years, however, with critics exploring possible commonalities between formal and historical methods and with more intense and less teleological studies of the history of criticism, interest in Lanson has grown. Bossuet Corneille Les Origines du Drame Contemporain. Voltaire: Lettres Philosophiques 2 vol. Les Essais de Montaigne.

Le Marquis de Vauvenargues Voltaire: Extraits Translated into English Problems of National Education Moliere: A Collection of Critical Essays ed.

Jacques Guicharnaud, Volaire Jean-Paul Sartre: Protestant or Protester?. University of Chicago Press, p. Miller, Margaret D. Wolff, Mark

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Biography[ edit ] Lanson was a major figure in the reformation of the French university system at the beginning of the 20th century, as well as a dominant force in French literary criticism until well after his death. He is known primarily for his writings on literary history , particularly his attempts to fuse the studies of literature and of culture ; in the former area he expanded upon, and in part questioned, the idea of "race, milieu, and moment" as described by Hippolyte Taine. He also contributed a great deal to the study of pedagogy , arguing for the pedagogical importance of the explication de texte, the French predecessor of close reading. For Lanson a text was neither a mere product of collective social forces nor an autonomous work by an autonomous genius, but something in between. The text was a composite work on which society exerted powerful and unseen forces but that could still escape those forces in order to present something outside of them: perhaps a hope or fantasy of something better. During this period he travelled extensively in the United States , visiting a number of college campuses, and later wrote about his experiences. Lanson was struck by the importance of religion on American campuses, though he also commented that the unity inspired by shared religion was fading in favor of shared interest in collegiate sports, particularly American football.

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