Each individual color is a universe in itself. These poles, represented by the white center of the star and its black tips, contained between them endless possibilities for the study of contrasting color effects. Itten identified seven fundamental categories of contrast: hue, light-dark, cold-warm, complementary, analogous, saturation, and extension. The color star modeled several of these.
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Each individual color is a universe in itself. These poles, represented by the white center of the star and its black tips, contained between them endless possibilities for the study of contrasting color effects. Itten identified seven fundamental categories of contrast: hue, light-dark, cold-warm, complementary, analogous, saturation, and extension.
The color star modeled several of these. Paul Klee developed a theory of color that began with the line and led, through mutations in direction and acceleration, toward the color wheel. Vassily Kandinsky arrived at the Bauhaus already a renowned expert on color theory.
His book On the Spiritual in Art established distinct emotional and spiritual associations between specific colors and forms. He theorized these associations as general artistic principles. He observed that each student gravitated to a distinct category of contrast exercises, revealing deep-seated affinities between personality types and aesthetic choices: Different talented people react variously to formal devices and develop differently in relation to them.
Some respond particularly to light-dark contrasts, others to form, rhythm, color, proportions and constructions, textures, spatial orientation, or sculpture. In this way, I was able to recognize in each student a light-dark type or a rhythmical type, or even a metal, wood, or glass type. Placing the reflective surface of a silver disk at the center of the image, Dicker heightened its luminosity even further by layering a white circle over its lower left quadrant.
This white circle finds its polar opposite in a black circle, whose outline was drawn by shading black chalk around the edges of a paper cutout. The two circles have the same dimensions but are polar opposites in color and construction. A watercolor exercise by Margarete Willers fig. Overlapping planes of primary forms rendered in analogous colors such as red-orange, yellow-orange, and red-violet reveal that formal composition is an act of balancing.
Each color has a different weight, which must be considered in relation to the composition as a whole. For weaving students, the overlapping planes of colored circles and triangles offered a theoretical framework through which to consider the craft of weaving thread into under- and overlapping threads of different or similar colors.
And one can be sure that all these reds will be very different. Students might be tasked with the challenge of using only four colors to produce multiple effects. Featuring the darkest color on top and lightest on the bottom, each square pairing shows a progression from opaque to transparent. The final band of each lower square is the most transparent, while the pure color above remains the most opaque.
These designations only make sense if one imagines an actual painting: when the whitest hue is painted over a plane covered in the darkest hue in a pairing, the eye perceives a transparent veil or piece of paper resting on the surface of the image.
‘First Steps to Seeing’ a new book by Emma Kidd
Jump to navigation Jump to search Peter Henri Bortoft — 29 December  was a British independent researcher and teacher, lecturer and writer on physics and the philosophy of science. He is best known for his work The Wholeness of Nature, considered a relevant and original recent interpretation of Goethean science. Bortoft completed his studies at the University of Hull ,  and then performed postgraduate research on the foundations of quantum physics at Birkbeck College , where theoretical physicist David Bohm introduced him to the problem of wholeness in quantum theory. Subsequently, Bortoft worked with John G. Pledge to develop a formal language that was rigorously descriptive of scientific activity. Bortoft taught physics and philosophy of science at Schumacher College in the framework of the program in Holistic Science. He held numerous lectures and seminars in Great Britain and the United States on the scientific work of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and on the development of modern science.
Simon Robinson Clever, funny, giving. Henri Bortoft at Schumacher College, Henri Bortoft — was a physicist and philosopher who studied the problem of wholeness in quantum physics as a postgraduate student under David Bohm. He then went on to work with the philosopher J. Bennett where he would extend his studies of wholeness into the areas of phenomenology and hermeneutics. When his dynamic conception of wholeness is truly understood, it changes our way of seeing, and takes us into an understanding of experience, meaning and being.