XVI 1. Que vuestras linternas no estйn extinguidas ni desceсidos vuestros lomos; mas estad alerta, porque no sabйis la hora en que el Seсor va б venir. Reunнos con frecuencia, solнcitos de lo que aprovecha a vuestras almas. Pues no os aprovecharб todo el tiempo que vivisteis en la fe, si no estбis perfectos en el ъltimo tiempo. Porque en los ъltimos dнas se multiplicarбn los falsos profetas y los corruptores, y se convertirбn las ovejas en lobos, y el amor se convertirб en odio. Porque, mientras que la iniquidad se acrecentarб, se odiarбn unos a otros, se perseguirбn y entregarбn: y entonces aparecerб el impostor del mundo como hijo de Dios, y harб seсales y prodigios.
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Athanasius and Rufinus c. Rufinus gives the curious alternative title Judicium Petri, "Judgment of Peter". It is rejected by Nicephorus c.
The Adversus Aleatores by an imitator of Cyprian quotes it by name. Unacknowledged citations are very common, if less certain. The section Two Ways shares the same language with the Epistle of Barnabas , chapters 18—20, sometimes word for word, sometimes added to, dislocated, or abridged, and Barnabas iv, 9 either derives from Didache, 16, 2—3, or vice versa. There can also be seen many similarities to the Epistles of both Polycarp and Ignatius of Antioch.
Contents[ edit ] The Didache is a relatively short text with only some 2, words. The contents may be divided into four parts, which most scholars agree were combined from separate sources by a later redactor : the first is the Two Ways, the Way of Life and the Way of Death chapters 1—6 ; the second part is a ritual dealing with baptism, fasting , and Communion chapters 7—10 ; the third speaks of the ministry and how to treat apostles, prophets, bishops, and deacons chapters 11—15 ; and the final section chapter 16 is a prophecy of the Antichrist and the Second Coming.
A fuller title or subtitle is also found next in the manuscript, "The Teaching of the Lord to the Gentiles [e] by the Twelve Apostles". In its present form it represents the Christianization of a common Jewish form of moral instruction. Similar material is found in a number of other Christian writings from the first through about the fifth centuries, including the Epistle of Barnabas, the Didascalia, the Apostolic Church Ordinances, the Summary of Doctrine, the Apostolic Constitutions, the Life of Schnudi, and On the Teaching of the Apostles or Doctrina , some of which are dependent on the Didache.
The interrelationships between these various documents, however, are quite complex and much remains to be worked out. Throughout the Two Ways there are many Old Testament quotes shared with the Gospels , and many theological similarities, but Jesus is never mentioned by name.
The first chapter opens with the Shema "you shall love God" , the Great Commandment "your neighbor as yourself" , and the Golden Rule in the negative form. Then comes short extracts in common with the Sermon on the Mount , together with a curious passage on giving and receiving, which is also cited with variations in Shepherd of Hermas Mand.
The Latin omits —6 and , and these sections have no parallel in Epistle of Barnabas ; therefore, they may be a later addition, suggesting Hermas and the present text of the Didache.
Texto completo de La Didaché
La Didaché, o Doctrina de los doce apóstoles