The Acaranga Sutra contains two books, or Srutaskandhas. The first book is the older part, to which other treatises were later added. It describes the conduct and behavior of ascetic life: the mode of asking for food, bowl, clothes, conduct while walking and speaking and regulation of possessions by ascetics. It also describes the penance of Mahavira , the Great Hero. The second book is divided into four sections called Kulas.
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But, at the proper time, entering there with the other mendicants, he may there in these or other families accept alms which are acceptable and given out of respect for his cloth, and eat his meal. This has been adopted by many who were free from delusion; it is good, wholesome, proper, beatifying, meritorious. Moreover he who uses water which is not strained takes away what has not been given i. He advances in his spiritual career and exerts himself.
Comprehending that pleasure and pain are individual, advising kindness, he will not engage in any work in the whole world: As this would be sinful, they should not do so. For such as dwell in darkness, and are without knowledge, there is no success in faith. The first book is the older part, to which other treatises were later added.
Employing their judgment, they should know something for certain and dutra for uncertain 2: Yet know, there is no good in this indiscriminate preaching. Akarangz though hearing the doctrine, he does not stand in the right place; stura the clever one who adopts the true faith ; stands in the right place i.
That is a doctrine of the unworthy. A mendicant who has resolved, that he will, when sick, accept the assistance of fellow-ascetics in good health, when they offer assistance without being asked, and that vice versa he, when in health, will give assistance to sick fellow-ascetics, offering it without being asked- he should not deviate from his resolution though he die for want of help.
The filter for the mouth mukhavastrika remains as the only article exclusively used by the Gainas. He is a wise man who has heard and understood the word of the learned ones. But he to whom the faith is preached will perhaps disrespectfully beat the preacher. I do not approve of thy words, I do not accept thy words, that, for my sake, thou givest unto me what thou hast bought or stolen or taken, though it was not to be taken, nor given, but was taken by force, viz.
Having acquired dyed and sutrra clothesjewels, earrings, gold, and women, they become attached to these things. To all life is dear. For him who is without karman, there is no appellation. A monk or a nun, wandering from village to village, might be met on the road by travellers, and be asked: For the sake of the splendour, honour, and glory eutra this life, for the sake of birth, death, and final liberation, for the removal of pain, all these causes of sin are at work, which are to be comprehended and renounced in this world.
He should not be angry because the householder gives him little. Now, this is the first rule for begging food. Holy Akaranga Sutra Some say thus, also the wise ones; the wise ones say thus, also some others.
Repenting and excluding from the mind the begotten pleasures, one should instruct others to follow the commandment. Ceasing from them, making an end of them, he perceives: In feudal societies family ties are very strong and long remembered .
The agreement is indeed so striking that it would seem hard to avoid the conclusion that one sect borrowed their precepts from the other.
Some, though living with religious, pious, calm, and worthy monksare not religious, nor pious, nor calm, nor worthy. If the mendicants come there while the other religious men do not come there, they sin by living in a place not frequented by other mendicants. Subduing desire by desirelessness, he does not enjoy the pleasures that offer themselves. He who knows  wrath, knows pride; he who knows pride, knows deceit; he who knows deceit, knows greed; he who knows greed, knows love; he who knows love, knows hate; he who knows hate, knows delusion; he who knows delusion, knows conception; he who knows conception, knows birth; he who knows birth, knows death; he who knows death, knows hell; he who knows hell, knows animal existence; he who knows animal existence, knows pain.
This is the road taught by the noble ones. There exists none, there is none. Thus spake the hero: Looking up, down, aside, eastward, he sees colours, hearing he hears sounds; longing upwards, down, aside, eastward, he becomes attached to colours and sounds. Longing for these objects, people are careless, suffer day and night, work in the right and the wrong time, desire wealth and treasures, commit injuries and violent acts, direct the mind, again and again, upon these injurious doings described in the preceding lecture.
For the avoidance of these occasions to sin there are seven rules for begging food and as many for begging drink, to be known by the mendicants. Mahavira strictly carried them out. But a wise man exerting himself, houseless, noble, of noble intellect, of noble perception recognises the proper moment for all actions.
They would have us believe that Kundagrama was a large town, and Siddhartha a powerful monarch. That man, certainly, who loves pleasures, is afflicted by their lossis sorry in his heart, leaves his usual ways, is troubled, suffers pain.
This has been declared by the Revered One: Knowing this, a wise man who knows the world and has cast off the idea of the world, should prudently conquer the obstructions to righteousness Thus I say. A monk or a nun on the pilgrimage, with their feet soiled with mud, should not, in order that the grass might take off the mud from the feet, walk out of the way and destroy the grass by cutting, trampling, and tearing it.
Besides, such a theory is a necessary consequence both of the Buddhistical and Gaina creed. Because he is near death, he is far from liberation. Beings are filled with alarm from all directions and in all directions. Again, Buddha akxranga commonly used in about the same sense as mukta, that is a liberated soul, and in this meaning it is still employed in Gaina writings, whilst with the Buddhists the word has become a title of their aaranga.
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AKARANGA SUTRA PDF
Introduction[ edit ] The Acharanga Sutra is the oldest agam, from a linguistic point of view, written in Ardhamagadhi Prakrit. The Sutra contains two books, or Srutaskandhas. The first book is the older part, to which other treatises were later added. It describes the conduct and behavior of ascetic life: the mode of asking for food, bowl, clothes, conduct while walking and speaking and regulation of possessions by ascetics. It also describes the penance of Mahavira , the Great Hero. The second book is divided into four sections called Kulas.
Jaina Sutras, Part I
Zule Holy Akaranga Sutra : Text 12 — Modes of speech A sage who is well instructed in the law and leads a life of abstinence, is always a destroyer of the effects of works. Knowing them, a wise man should not act sinfully towards plants, nor cause others to act so, nor allow others to act so. The founder of a religion has to establish his own system, he is not so much in danger to become a mere controversialist as a reformer. Akaranta monk akqranga a nun on a begging-tour may be invited to meat or fish containing many bones, by the householder who addresses him thus: I shall beg for a second robe. This has been seen by the heroes of faith who conquered ignorance; for they control themselves, always exert themselves, always mind their duty. He who conquers one passionconquers many; and he who conquers many, conquers one. As I have hinted above, this suggestion is not a probable one, for there being a model of higher antiquity and authority, the Gainas would probably have conformed rather to it than to the less respected and second-hand model of their rivals, the Buddhists.