Leg trip[ edit ] The leg trip is a technique in which the combatant uses his or her own leg s to off-balance an opponent, hence causing the opponent to fall to the ground. Leg trips are often integrated into more complex takedown techniques, and are also important in many throws. Takedown techniques that are pure leg trips usually involve controlling the body of the opponent, and impeding or destabilizing one or both of the opponents legs. Leg trips are featured in for instance freestyle wrestling , judo , sumo , and shuai jiao while being an illegal technique in Greco-Roman wrestling.
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Are you going to pull guard in a streetfight? Not bloody likely. In the original Judo syllabus, for example, there were 67 different throws you had to learn. They specialise in a small number of throws that most suit their body type, personality, and fighting style.
The groundwork in BJJ is so important that we have even less time to train standup. Here are the 10 throws and takedowns you see most often in high-level BJJ competition… 1, Double Leg Takedown If you grapple then you should be able to do at least a basic Double Leg.
There are lots of different variations for the Double Leg. The biggest differences between these variations include head position is the head to the side or in the middle of the chest and whether you drop down to your lead knee as you shoot the penetration step. Watch Bernardo Faria compete in the BJJ Mundials: in almost every match he pulls half guard, secures a Single Leg, comes up to his feet, and takes his opponent down.
Basically you reach down, grab one of his legs, lift it off the ground, and topple him over. There are a LOT of subtleties that you have to observe when you do that though, and changing the position of your hands, your head, or your body by a couple of inches can change this from a high-percentage takedown to an ineffective waste of your energy that lands you in a bad place.
They are often chained together. You knew exactly what was coming but it still worked almost every time! In BJJ the ankle pick is often applied using a lapel grip.
This grip can be used to yank your opponent forward, forcing him to step towards you with at least one of his legs. This brings his foot within range, allowing you to apply the Ankle Pick. As described in the second video below it is also often used in combination with a fake guard pull; their reaction to the guard pull sets up and amplifies the effectiveness of the ankle pick.
It is both a takedown and a setup for other throws and takedowns. If he bases and resists the initial movement then you can use the Lapel Drag to set up other takedowns, most commonly variations of the Single Leg takedown that was covered in a previous section of this article.
The same essential movement can be used from the guard, most typically from the Seated Butterfly Guard vs a standing opponent. This may sound like a dumb idea, but the sacrifice actually allows you to generate a lot of momentum and get very deep under his centre of gravity.
Certain Judo throws — and Tomoe Nage is one of them — are very well suited for BJJ practitioners, because if you screw them up i.
Plus any throw used regularly by Captain Kirk has to be a good move, right? To set up the inside trip you often use the arm drag to distract your opponent and to clear a path to get in towards him.
So if you get good at foot sweeps you can easily take down much larger opponents without having to exert a tremendous amount of strength and energy; the only downside is that it can take a LOT of practice and training to develop the correct timing for this attack.
If you stay close and drop your weight quickly after the throw then you can often go directly to knee on belly or some other control position without having to fight your way past his guard. Either way he tumbles to the ground. There are many variations of Uchi Mata, including hopping versions, non-standard grip versions, and attacking the near leg, far leg, or straight up the middle.
Judo practitioners like in the video below often overcommit by BJJ standards and roll right over top of their opponents during the throw. BJJ practitioners need to use a little more restraint 10, Drop Seio Nage This is one of those high-risk, high-reward moves. It leads into strong pins like North-South, and quick submissions like the armbar.
This allows you to drop your weight on his shoulder, breaking his posture and limiting his mobility. You typically end up in a very strong side control position, ready to continue your attack and tap him out! I once watched Sambo practitioner and UFC pioneer Oleg Taktarov cut his way through an entire room of Judo black belts using this throw. As a result he threw black belt after black belt with it. The best methods of pulling guard lead directly into sweeps so you can almost consider them throws.
In the instructional Elliott Bayev deconstructs the guard pull of high level guard players. Grab this app for your iPhone, iPad, Android device or Kindle and watch as the pieces of the puzzle immediately start coming together for you.
Animations of Judo Throws
Top 10 Throws and Takedowns for BJJ