Until he stepped down in , he maintained his critical position as the leader of a buffer country between white-ruled states in southern Africa and hostile, independent black-ruled states to the north. His father was a minister and teacher who had left Nyasaland now Malawi in , and his mother was the first African woman to teach in colonial Zambia. After completing his education in the early s, Kaunda began teaching at Lubwa in and was headmaster there as well from to The urbanized copper area was a natural setting for African nationalism.
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He played a paramount role in the formation of independent movement in Zambia. In the course of his doctrine, Kaunda served as a Southern African defendant. All he wanted is to move away from the British rule, and so he resigned as an African National Congress member. After a short period, he founded the Zambian African National Congress which supported the fairness of black people. Due to the British rule, the Congress was banned.
He served as the first president of Zambia for over two decades. He played the part of the youngest child of eight siblings. Reverend David Kaunda, his father was a prominent minister and a teacher. His mother, Helen Kaunda held the first ranked woman that taught in colonial Zambia. In short, he came from a respectable background.
From to Kaunda served as a headmaster. After a successful education, he formed a cooperative farmers association in a local mining area. In he acted as a mining officer. He later embarked on his headmaster role from to Career In Kenneth Kaunda was jailed for nine months due to civil disobedience, and he was later released in The same year he was selected to chair the United Nations Independence Party.
After two years, he was chosen to lead the Legislative Council. Kaunda paid a visit to Martin Luther King Jr. He was much inspired by Martin and established a Cha-cha-cha civil campaign. The active participants made sure that they have blocked all roadways. In the process, they got engaged in criminal acts. With much zeal, Zambia gained its freedom in when Kenneth Kaunda ruled as the first president. His no-nonsense persona gave him a chance to stay in power. The elections were later conducted in where Multiparty Democracy Party under Frederick Chiluba rule won.
He was forced to retire from politics in Try The Karma Quiz Now!! He implemented a foundation that provided school children with free stationaries. In the mid of , he was selected to open the University of Zambia in which he chaired as a Chancellor.
In the mid of , Kaunda married Beatrice Kaweche, and they were blessed with eight children. Death took the love of his life in Kaunda loves to participate in ballroom dancing shows just for fun. President Frederick Chiluba tried to deport Kaunda due to native allegations that he was a Malawian.
In it was announced that he was stateless till when he won the case in and was declared as a Zambian Native.
Kenneth David Kaunda life and biography
Early life[ edit ] Kaunda was the youngest of eight children. His father was the Reverend David Kaunda, an ordained Church of Scotland missionary and teacher, who was born in Nyasaland now Malawi and had moved to Chinsali to work at Lubwa Mission. His father was from Nyasaland, also known as Malawi and his mother was the first African woman to teach in colonial Zambia. They were both teachers among the bamba ethnic group which is location in northern Zambia.
She worked as a teacher in Mufulira. Kenneth Kaunda in , who was involved in freedom struggle and later went on to become the first President of independent Zambia. In his own words in his book Letter to My Children, Betty was the strength behind him all through their 66 years of relationship as she took care of the children in his absence. The colonial administration sent Dr. Kaunda to jail and she took to charcoal burning to feed the family. She is believed received multiple threats and coercions during those days, but she never gave up to the threats.
Both taught among the Bemba ethnic group in northern Zambia, where young Kaunda received his early education, completing secondary school in the early s. Like the majority of Africans in colonial Zambia who achieved some measure of middle-class status, he also began to teach, first in colonial Zambia and in the middle s in Tanganyika now Tanzania. Struggle against colonial rule Kaunda returned to Zambia in In that year he became interpreter and adviser on African affairs to Sir Stewart Gore-Browne, a liberal white settler and a member of the Northern Rhodesian Legislative Council. Kaunda acquired knowledge of the colonial government as well as political skills, both of which served him well when later that year he joined the African National Congress ANC , the first major anticolonial organization in Northern Rhodesia. Kaunda became president of the new organization and skillfully used it to forge a militant policy against the British plan for a federation of the three central African colonies—Southern Rhodesia, Northern Rhodesia, and Nyasaland.