In —, Gerhard Frey called attention to the unusual properties of this same curve, now called a Frey curve. Mathematically, the conjecture says that each elliptic curve with rational coefficients can be constructed in an entirely different way, not by giving its equation but by using modular functions to parametrise coordinates x and y of the points on it. In , Jean-Pierre Serre provided a partial proof that a Frey curve could not be modular. However his partial proof came close to confirming the link between Fermat and Taniyama. His article was published in However, despite the progress made by Serre and Ribet, this approach to Fermat was widely considered unusable as well, since almost all mathematicians saw the Taniyama—Shimura—Weil conjecture itself as completely inaccessible to proof with current knowledge.

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Students were asked to write about the life and work of a mathematician of their choice. Mozzochi, Princeton N. There is a problem that not even the collective mathematical genius of almost years could solve. When the ten-year-old Andrew Wiles read about it in his local Cambridge library, he dreamt of solving the problem that had haunted so many great mathematicians.

Little did he or the rest of the world know that he would succeed I had to solve it. He stated that if is any whole number greater than 2, then there are no three whole numbers , other than zero that satisfy the equation Note that if , then whole number solutions do exist, for example , and.

Fermat claimed to have proved this statement but that the "margin [was] too narrow to contain" it. He then moved on to looking at the work of others who had attempted to prove the conjecture. The problem was that to prove the general form of the conjecture, it does not help to prove individual cases; infinity minus something is still infinity.

Wiles had to try a different approach in order to solve the problem. Animation courtesy Aleksandar T. It was while at Cambridge that he worked with John Coates on the arithmetic of elliptic curves. Elliptic curves are confusingly not much like an ellipse or a curve! They are defined by points in the plane whose co-ordinates and satisfy an equation of the form where and are constants, and they are usually doughnut-shaped.

But this was soon to change. Since the s the Taniyama-Shimura conjecture had stated that every elliptic curve can be matched to a modular form — a mathematical object that is symmetrical in an infinite number of ways.

I knew that moment the course of my life was changing.

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## Data Protection Choices

The methods introduced by Wiles and Taylor are now part of the toolkit of number theorists, who consider the FLT story closed. But number theorists were not the only ones electrified by this story. I was reminded of this unexpectedly in when, in the space of a few days, two logicians, speaking on two continents, alluded to ways of enhancing the proof of FLT — and reported how surprised some of their colleagues were that number theorists showed no interest in their ideas. The logicians spoke the languages of their respective specialties — set theory and theoretical computer science — in expressing these ideas.

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## Andrew Wiles

His father worked as the chaplain at Ridley Hall, Cambridge , for the years — He stopped at his local library where he found a book about the theorem. Together these colleagues worked on the arithmetic of elliptic curves with complex multiplication by the methods of Iwasawa theory. He further worked with Barry Mazur on the main conjecture of Iwasawa theory over the rational numbers , and soon afterward, he generalized this result to totally real fields. Ribet said. Finally, at the end of his third lecture, Dr. Wiles concluded that he had proved a general case of the Taniyama conjecture.

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## Andrew Wiles

His argument was long and technical. Finally, 20 minutes into the third talk, he came to the end. First proposed by the 17th-century French jurist and spare-time mathematician Pierre de Fermat, it had remained unproven for more than years. Wiles, a professor at Princeton University, had worked on the problem, alone and in secret in the attic of his home, for seven years. Now he was unveiling his proof. His announcement electrified his audience—and the world. The story appeared the next day on the front page of The New York Times.

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## Fermat's last theorem and Andrew Wiles

Students were asked to write about the life and work of a mathematician of their choice. Mozzochi, Princeton N. There is a problem that not even the collective mathematical genius of almost years could solve. When the ten-year-old Andrew Wiles read about it in his local Cambridge library, he dreamt of solving the problem that had haunted so many great mathematicians. Little did he or the rest of the world know that he would succeed