Part Used: Leaves and flowers Traditional Uses: aphrodisiac, anti-diabetic, anti-dysenteric, anti-inflammatory, anti-leukemic, antimicrobial, disinfectant, emollient, expectorant, vulnerary Arrabidaea chica Bignoniaceae is a vine native to the Amazon Rainforest, popularly known as "crajiru" in Brazil and "puca panga" in Peru. In the Amazon where it grows, an infusion or decoction of the leaves are used to treat diseases such as gastric ulcers, inflammations, infections, anemia, herpes, and jaundice among others. Arrabidaea chica HBK Verlot. Fresh leaves used in decoction alone or mixed with the fruits of Renealmia alpinia to dye fibers of Astrocaryum chambira or to make tattoos. This dye is also used to treat skin infections and herpes RAR. Leaves also used as anti-inflammatory.
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E-mail: rb. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background: Folk medicine uses preparations of Arrabidaea chica pariri leaves to treat various liver pathologies. We evaluated the effects of the hydroethanolic extract of these leaves CHEE on an in vivo model of liver intoxication. The control group received only 0.
After 7 days of treatment, both the groups received CCl4, and activities of glutamic pyruvic transaminase GPT , glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase GOT and bilirubin level were assessed. Results: The chromatograms of the CHEE obtained at and nm show features of two main classes of secondary metabolites: quinones and flavonoids. The suppression of GOT levels was These results demonstrate the protective character of CHEE and its ability to maintain the functional integrity of hepatic cells.
Conclusions: The results obtained are possibly due to the presence of quinones and flavonoids in A. They do not have a unique habitat and can be found in the Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and the Amazon Region. In folk medicine, A. This medicinal plant, when topically applied, is efficient in the treatment of dermatosis and other skin conditions, and it is also commonly used for washing wounds and ulcers. When subjected to fermentation and manipulated as indigo, the leaves provide a dark red or brick red dye.
Since ancient times, this dye has been used by Indians as body paint, ornamental paint, clothing and utensils, as well as for tattoos. The medicinal potential of this species is characterized by the popular use of its leaves and, given that its flowering is rare even in its natural habitat in the northern Brazilian states, its exchange for other species at the time of use is common. According to Jorge et al. This property has been confirmed by in vitro and in vivo studies addressing the healing properties of leaf extracts of this plant.
These studies showed that A. De Souza et al. A study using A. A herbarium specimen of the plant material was prepared and identified by comparing it to another specimen from the Herbarium of the Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi registered under number MG Preparation of plant material Intact leaves were washed with water and dipped in ethanol for microbiological stabilization.
The material was then crushed with a knife grinder and weighed. A final amount of g The average pH of the resulting extract, which was measured using a potentiometer calibrated at pH 4 and 7, was 5. The dye was concentrated under reduced pressure until complete evaporation of the ethanol. The water was removed by evaporation of the azeotrope formed with n-butanol and by lyophilization. The final yield of crude hydroalcoholic extract was Phytochemical screening The phytochemical screening of the secondary metabolites in the CHEE was performed according to the technique described by Barbosa et al.
The phytochemical fraction approach showed a strong reaction for quinones in the chloroform fraction and for flavonoids in the methanol fraction. Chromatograms were recorded at , , and nm, with monitoring at nm. The animals were kept in a temperature- and humidity-controlled environment in polyethylene boxes in groups of five, and they received food and water ad libitum.
On the 7th day, all the groups were given 1. The animals were kept at room temperature with free access to water and food. Serum glutamic oxaloacetate transaminase GOT , serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase GPT activities and bilirubin level of the blood samples obtained were determined according to the methods of Kondo et al.
Hemoglobin was measured with a hemoglobinometer using the methods of cyanmethamoglobin and microhematocrit as described by Strumia et al. Results with P levels greater than 0. Specifically, on the nm chromatogram, we observed significant peaks between 4 and 24 nm, corresponding to spectra characteristic of flavonoids [ Figure 1 ].
Crajiru (pariri): benefícios e propriedades medicinais
E-mail: rb. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background: Folk medicine uses preparations of Arrabidaea chica pariri leaves to treat various liver pathologies. We evaluated the effects of the hydroethanolic extract of these leaves CHEE on an in vivo model of liver intoxication.
Arrabidaea Chica Herb Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients
Igor A. Rodrigues,1 Mariana M. Azevedo,2 Francisco C. Chaves,3 Celuta S. Alviano,4 Daniela S. Alviano,4 and Alane B.